Prevalence and determinants of blood pressure variability in pygmies of Southern region Cameroon.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A5BD9EB5621B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Prevalence and determinants of blood pressure variability in pygmies of Southern region Cameroon.
Périodique
Journal of hypertension
Auteur(s)
Bika Lele E.C., Hermans M.P., Bovet P., van de Borne P., Donnen P., Leeman M., Degaute J.P., M'Buyamba-Kabangu J.R., Hako Y., Ndongo Amougou S., Doumbe J.N., Mbango E., Lemogoum D.
ISSN
1473-5598 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0263-6352
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
11/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
38
Numéro
11
Pages
2198-2204
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The impact of urbanization and living conditions on the prevalence of hypertension in the Cameroonian population is poorly known.
To evaluate the prevalence and determinants of blood pressure (BP) in adult Pygmies and Bantus living in urban and rural areas of Southern Cameroon.
This was a cross-sectional comparative study of 406 adults (96 urban Bantus, 100 urban Pygmies, 111 rural Bantus and 99 tropical rainforest Pygmies with a traditional Pygmies way of life), recruited in Southern Cameroon (mean age 42 ± 17 years; 56.7% women). Sociodemographic, anthropometric and BP parameters were collected. Hypertension was defined as BP at least 140/90 mmHg and/or use of BP-lowering drug(s).
The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension in urban Bantus, rural Bantus, urban Pygmies and traditional Pygmies was 18.0, 13.5, 9.3 and 4.1%, respectively. Mean SBP and DBP differed significantly according to Bantu vs. Pygmy ethnicity, and urban vs. rural residency. After multiple adjustments, mean arterial pressure was significantly associated with age, BMI, Bantu ancestry and urban residency.
Bantu ethnicity and urban residency are significantly associated with high-BP among people from Southern Cameroon.
Mots-clé
Adult, Blood Pressure/physiology, Cameroon/epidemiology, Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/07/2020 13:47
Dernière modification de la notice
29/06/2021 6:35
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