Prevalence and determinants of blood pressure variability in pygmies of Southern region Cameroon.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A5BD9EB5621B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence and determinants of blood pressure variability in pygmies of Southern region Cameroon.
Journal
Journal of hypertension
Author(s)
Bika Lele E.C., Hermans M.P., Bovet P., van de Borne P., Donnen P., Leeman M., Degaute J.P., M'Buyamba-Kabangu J.R., Hako Y., Ndongo Amougou S., Doumbe J.N., Mbango E., Lemogoum D.
ISSN
1473-5598 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0263-6352
Publication state
Published
Issued date
15/07/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
The impact of urbanization and living conditions on the prevalence of hypertension in the Cameroonian population is poorly known.
To evaluate the prevalence and determinants of blood pressure (BP) in adult Pygmies and Bantus living in urban and rural areas of Southern Cameroon.
This was a cross-sectional comparative study of 406 adults (96 urban Bantus, 100 urban Pygmies, 111 rural Bantus and 99 tropical rainforest Pygmies with a traditional Pygmies way of life), recruited in Southern Cameroon (mean age 42 ± 17 years; 56.7% women). Sociodemographic, anthropometric and BP parameters were collected. Hypertension was defined as BP at least 140/90 mmHg and/or use of BP-lowering drug(s).
The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension in urban Bantus, rural Bantus, urban Pygmies and traditional Pygmies was 18.0, 13.5, 9.3 and 4.1%, respectively. Mean SBP and DBP differed significantly according to Bantu vs. Pygmy ethnicity, and urban vs. rural residency. After multiple adjustments, mean arterial pressure was significantly associated with age, BMI, Bantu ancestry and urban residency.
Bantu ethnicity and urban residency are significantly associated with high-BP among people from Southern Cameroon.
Pubmed
Create date
24/07/2020 12:47
Last modification date
30/10/2020 6:26
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