ǂŪsigu: The Structure of Character Description in Khoekhoegowab

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: KKGLex_JPSP_PREPRINT.pdf (2327.26 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
Licence: Tous droits réservés
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A33992482B6B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
ǂŪsigu: The Structure of Character Description in Khoekhoegowab
Périodique
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Auteur(s)
Thalmayer Amber Gayle, Job Sylvanus, Shino Elizabeth, Robinson Sarah, Saucier Gerard
ISSN
0022-3514
Statut éditorial
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Personality psychology relies heavily on evidence from North America and Europe. Lexical studies, based on the rationale that the most important psychological distinctions between people will be encoded in the natural languages, can provide input from underrepresented contexts by defining locally-relevant personality concepts and their structure. We report the results of a psycholexical study in Khoekhoegowab, the most widely spoken of southern Africa’s (non-Bantu) click languages. It includes the largest sample of any lexical study conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, is the first anywhere to include qualitative interviews to systematically assess the interpretability of terms, and is one of few to rely on a more representative community sample of adults rather than students. Refinement of the survey included frequency-of-use ratings by native speakers from throughout Namibia and input on relevance to personality by those with a psychology degree. The survey was administered by interview to 622 participants by a team of 15 schoolteachers of Khoekhoegowab. The 11 dimensions of the optimal local model were labelled: Intemperance, Prosocial Diligence, Intrusive Gossip, Good Nature, Bad Temper, Predatory Aggression, Haughty Self-Respect, Vanity/Egotism, and Fear versus Courage. A Big One model of evaluation was strongly replicated. Moderate replication was found for the Big Two, Pan-Cultural Three, and a hypothesized pan-African model based on prior lexical results in two languages. Replication criteria were not achieved for the Big Five, Big Six, or South African Personality Inventory models. What results suggest about the local cultural context and about culturally specific aspects of the imported models are discussed.
Mots-clé
Lexical studies, Africa, emic etic, personality, Namibia
Financement(s)
Fonds national suisse / Projets / 10001C_179458
Création de la notice
23/09/2020 12:36
Dernière modification de la notice
24/09/2020 6:09
Données d'usage