ǂŪsigu: The Structure of Character Description in Khoekhoegowab

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_A33992482B6B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
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Institution
Title
ǂŪsigu: The Structure of Character Description in Khoekhoegowab
Journal
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Author(s)
Thalmayer Amber Gayle, Job Sylvanus, Shino Elizabeth, Robinson Sarah, Saucier Gerard
ISSN
0022-3514
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Abstract
Personality psychology relies heavily on evidence from North America and Europe. Lexical studies, based on the rationale that the most important psychological distinctions between people will be encoded in the natural languages, can provide input from underrepresented contexts by defining locally-relevant personality concepts and their structure. We report the results of a psycholexical study in Khoekhoegowab, the most widely spoken of southern Africa’s (non-Bantu) click languages. It includes the largest sample of any lexical study conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, is the first anywhere to include qualitative interviews to systematically assess the interpretability of terms, and is one of few to rely on a more representative community sample of adults rather than students. Refinement of the survey included frequency-of-use ratings by native speakers from throughout Namibia and input on relevance to personality by those with a psychology degree. The survey was administered by interview to 622 participants by a team of 15 schoolteachers of Khoekhoegowab. The 11 dimensions of the optimal local model were labelled: Intemperance, Prosocial Diligence, Intrusive Gossip, Good Nature, Bad Temper, Predatory Aggression, Haughty Self-Respect, Vanity/Egotism, and Fear versus Courage. A Big One model of evaluation was strongly replicated. Moderate replication was found for the Big Two, Pan-Cultural Three, and a hypothesized pan-African model based on prior lexical results in two languages. Replication criteria were not achieved for the Big Five, Big Six, or South African Personality Inventory models. What results suggest about the local cultural context and about culturally specific aspects of the imported models are discussed.
Keywords
Lexical studies, Africa, emic etic, personality, Namibia
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / Projects / 10001C_179458
Create date
23/09/2020 12:36
Last modification date
24/09/2020 6:09
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