The role of MMP-9 and its fibronectin-like domain in tumor growth & invasion : certainties, controversies & discrepancies

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_9456F462A24B.P001.pdf (2806.86 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Après imprimatur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_9456F462A24B
Type
Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The role of MMP-9 and its fibronectin-like domain in tumor growth & invasion : certainties, controversies & discrepancies
Auteur(s)
Dayer C.
Directeur(s)
Stamenkovic  I.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Adresse
Faculté de biologie et de médecine Université de Lausanne UNIL - Bugnon Rue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111 CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2013
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
89
Résumé
Tumors are often compared to wounds that do not heal, where the crosstalk between tumor cells and their surrounding stroma is crucial at all stages of development, from the initial primary growth to metastasis. Similar to wound healing, fibroblasts in the tumor stroma differentiate into myofibroblasts, also referred to as "cancer-associated fibroblasts" (CAFs), primarily, but not exclusively, in response to transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß). Myofibroblasts in turn enhance tumor progression by remodeling the stroma. Among molecules implicated in stroma remodeling, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and MMP-g in particular, play a prominent role. However, the mechanisms that regulate MMP-g activation and function remain poorly understood. Recent evidence indicates that tumor cell surface association of MMP-g is an important event in its activation, and more generally in tumor growth and invasion.
In the present work we address the potential association of MMP-g activity with cell-surface recruitment to human fibroblasts. We show for the first time that recruitment of MMP-g to the MRC-5 fibroblast cell surface occurs through the fibronectin-like (FN) domain, shared only by MMP-g and MMP-2 among all the MMPs. Functional assays suggest that both the pro- and active form of MMP-g trigger a-smooth muscle actin (aSMA) expression in resting fibroblasts that reflects myofibroblast differentiation, possibly through TGF-ß activation. Moreover, the FN domain of MMP-g inhibits both MMP-g-induced TGF-ß activation and aSMA expression by sequestering MMP-g.
Xenograft experiments in NOD/SCID mice using HT1080 fibrosarcoma or MDA-MD231 breast adenocarcinoma cells stably expressing the FN domain of MMP-g revealed no changes in primary tumor growth. However, in the context of metastasis, expression of the FN domain by these same tumor cells dramatically increased their metastatic proclivity whereas expression of wt MMP-g either promoted no change or actually reduced the number of metastases. We observed a decrease of an active form of MMP-g in MDA-MB231 cells overexpressing the FN domain suggesting that the FN domain may inhibit MMP-g activity in Tumors are often compared to wounds that do not heal, where the crosstalk between tumor cells and their surrounding stroma is crucial at all stages of development, from the initial primary growth to metastasis. Similar to wound healing, fibroblasts in the tumor stroma differentiate into myofibroblasts, also referred to as "cancer-associated fibroblasts" (CAFs), primarily, but not exclusively, in response to transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß). Myofibroblasts in turn enhance tumor progression by remodeling the stroma. Among molecules implicated in stroma remodeling, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and MMP-g in particular, play a prominent role. However, the mechanisms that regulate MMP-g activation and function remain poorly understood. Recent evidence indicates that tumor cell surface association of MMP-g is an important event in its activation, and more generally in tumor growth and invasion.
In the present work we address the potential association of MMP-g activity with cell-surface recruitment to human fibroblasts. We show for the first time that recruitment of MMP-g to the MRC-5 fibroblast cell surface occurs through the fibronectin-like (FN) domain, shared only by MMP-g and MMP-2 among all the MMPs. Functional assays suggest that both the pro- and active form of MMP-g trigger a-smooth muscle actin (aSMA) expression in resting fibroblasts that reflects myofibroblast differentiation, possibly through TGF-ß activation. Moreover, the FN domain of MMP-g inhibits both MMP-g-induced TGF-ß activation and aSMA expression by sequestering MMP-g.
Xenograft experiments in NOD/SCID mice using HT1080 fibrosarcoma or MDA-MD231 breast adenocarcinoma cells stably expressing the FN domain of MMP-9 revealed no changes in primary tumor growth. However, in the context of metastasis, expression of the FN domain by these same tumor cells dramatically increased their metastatic proclivity whereas expression of wt MMP-g either promoted no change or actually reduced the number of metastases. We observed a decrease of an active form of MMP-9 in MDA-MB231 cells overexpressing the FN domain suggesting that the FN domain may inhibit MMP-9 activity in those cells and therefore prevent MMP-9-induced activation of TGF-b, which results in increased invasion. Curiously, xenografts of SW480 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells stably expressing the FN domain of MMP-9 displayed reduced growth at both the primary (subcutaneous) injection site and the lungs of NOD/SCID mice, in experimental metastasis assays, whilst the same cells overexpressing wt MMP-9 showed enhanced growth and dissemination. Gelatin zymography of conditioned medium revealed that these effects may be due to the FN domain, which displaces MMP-9 from SW480 cell surface.
These observations suggest a dual role of MMP-9 and its FN domain in primary tumor growth and metastasis, underscoring the notion that the effect of MMP-9 on tumor cells may depend on the cell type and highlighting possible protective effects of MMPs in tumor progression.
Création de la notice
14/11/2013 13:15
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:56
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