Drinking patterns among medical in-patients with reference to MAST categories: a comparative study.

Détails

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Version: Final published version
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ID Serval
serval:BIB_7BC366CC13F0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Drinking patterns among medical in-patients with reference to MAST categories: a comparative study.
Périodique
Alcohol and Alcoholism
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Horn T., Paccaud F., Niquille M., Koehn V., Magnenat P., Yersin B.
ISSN
0735-0414 (Print)
ISSN-L
0735-0414
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1992
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Numéro
4
Pages
439-447
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The aim of the study was to describe the drinking patterns and alcohol consumption of patients screened by the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) in a sample of medical patients from a general hospital of a French-speaking, wine-drinking country. Data were recorded using a structured interview administered to 103 consecutively admitted 20-75-year-old MAST-positive patients and 103 age-matched and sex-matched MAST-negative controls admitted to the same ward. Relevant differences between MAST-positive and MAST-negative patients included the frequent report of recent and total abstinence in MAST-positive patients (23% versus 4% in controls), their tendency to drink alone, and less often during mealtimes, at home, or with family or friends than MAST-negative patients. Alcohol consumption was significantly higher in MAST-positive patients of both sexes with 250 and 270 g per week being the optimal discriminative cut-off level of consumption for men and women, respectively (kappa coefficient, 0.70 and 0.81, respectively). Regular drinking was the predominant drinking status of both MAST-positive and MAST-negative patients. This study suggests that a screening test such as the MAST, developed in an English-speaking country may be useful in a French-speaking, wine-drinking country. The test identified patients with drinking patterns that are culturally abnormal, yet in certain respects similar to those of alcoholic patients from other drinking cultures. These findings therefore emphasize the worldwide relevance of the concept of the alcohol dependence syndrome in addition to the transcultural usefulness of alcoholism screening tests.
Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Alcoholic Beverages/classification, Alcoholism/diagnosis, Alcoholism/psychology, Case-Control Studies, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Female, Type="Geographic">France, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory/statistics &amp, numerical data, Psychometrics
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 16:31
Dernière modification de la notice
14/02/2022 7:55
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