Drinking patterns among medical in-patients with reference to MAST categories: a comparative study.

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Ressource 1Download: serval:BIB_7BC366CC13F0.P001 (620.81 [Ko])
State: Public
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It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7BC366CC13F0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Drinking patterns among medical in-patients with reference to MAST categories: a comparative study.
Journal
Alcohol and Alcoholism
Author(s)
Horn T., Paccaud F., Niquille M., Koehn V., Magnenat P., Yersin B.
ISSN
0735-0414 (Print)
ISSN-L
0735-0414
Publication state
Published
Issued date
1992
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Number
4
Pages
439-447
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The aim of the study was to describe the drinking patterns and alcohol consumption of patients screened by the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) in a sample of medical patients from a general hospital of a French-speaking, wine-drinking country. Data were recorded using a structured interview administered to 103 consecutively admitted 20-75-year-old MAST-positive patients and 103 age-matched and sex-matched MAST-negative controls admitted to the same ward. Relevant differences between MAST-positive and MAST-negative patients included the frequent report of recent and total abstinence in MAST-positive patients (23% versus 4% in controls), their tendency to drink alone, and less often during mealtimes, at home, or with family or friends than MAST-negative patients. Alcohol consumption was significantly higher in MAST-positive patients of both sexes with 250 and 270 g per week being the optimal discriminative cut-off level of consumption for men and women, respectively (kappa coefficient, 0.70 and 0.81, respectively). Regular drinking was the predominant drinking status of both MAST-positive and MAST-negative patients. This study suggests that a screening test such as the MAST, developed in an English-speaking country may be useful in a French-speaking, wine-drinking country. The test identified patients with drinking patterns that are culturally abnormal, yet in certain respects similar to those of alcoholic patients from other drinking cultures. These findings therefore emphasize the worldwide relevance of the concept of the alcohol dependence syndrome in addition to the transcultural usefulness of alcoholism screening tests.
Keywords
Adult, Aged, Alcoholic Beverages/classification, Alcoholism/diagnosis, Alcoholism/psychology, Case-Control Studies, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Female, Type="Geographic">France, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory/statistics &amp, numerical data, Psychometrics
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
24/01/2008 17:31
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:18
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