The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_7BA54C08118F
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach
Périodique
Journal of Affective Disorders
Auteur(s)
Devos Mr. Gaëtan, Clark Luke, Bowden-Jones Henrietta, Grall-Bronnec Marie, Challet-Bouju Gaëlle, Khazaal Yasser, Maurage Pierre, Billieux Joël
ISSN
0165-0327
ISSN-L
0165-0327
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
260
Pages
473-482
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The Pathways Model (Blaszczynski & Nower, 2002) posits that problem gambling is a heterogeneous disorder with distinct subgroups (behaviorally conditioned gamblers, emotionally vulnerable gamblers, and antisocial-impulsivist gamblers). Impulsivity traits and gambling-related cognitions are recognized as two key psychological factors in the onset and maintenance of problem gambling. To date, these constructs have been explored separately, and their joint role in determining problem gambling subtypes has received little attention. The goal of our study was to identify subgroups of gamblers based on impulsivity traits and gambling-related cognitions, and to determine whether this approach is consistent with the Pathways model.
Gamblers from the community (N = 709) and treatment-seeking pathological gamblers (N = 122) completed questionnaires measuring gambling habits, disordered gambling symptoms, gambling-related cognitions, and impulsivity traits.
Cluster analyses revealed that three clusters globally aligned with the pathways proposed by Blaszczynski & Nower (2002). Two other clusters emerged: (1) impulsive gamblers without cognitive-related cognitions; and (2) gamblers without impulsivity or gambling-related cognitions. Gamblers with both heightened impulsive traits and gambling-related cognitions had more severe problem gambling symptoms.
We successfully identified, based on an a priori theoretical framework, different subtypes of gamblers that varied in terms of problem gambling symptoms and clinical status. The diversity of the cluster profiles supports the development of personalized prevention strategies and psychological interventions.
Mots-clé
Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Gambling, Problem Gambling, Gambling Disorder
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
23/09/2019 19:08
Dernière modification de la notice
29/01/2020 7:19
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