The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_7BA54C08118F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach
Journal
Journal of Affective Disorders
Author(s)
Devos Mr. Gaëtan, Clark Luke, Bowden-Jones Henrietta, Grall-Bronnec Marie, Challet-Bouju Gaëlle, Khazaal Yasser, Maurage Pierre, Billieux Joël
ISSN
0165-0327
ISSN-L
0165-0327
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
260
Pages
473-482
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The Pathways Model (Blaszczynski & Nower, 2002) posits that problem gambling is a heterogeneous disorder with distinct subgroups (behaviorally conditioned gamblers, emotionally vulnerable gamblers, and antisocial-impulsivist gamblers). Impulsivity traits and gambling-related cognitions are recognized as two key psychological factors in the onset and maintenance of problem gambling. To date, these constructs have been explored separately, and their joint role in determining problem gambling subtypes has received little attention. The goal of our study was to identify subgroups of gamblers based on impulsivity traits and gambling-related cognitions, and to determine whether this approach is consistent with the Pathways model.
Gamblers from the community (N = 709) and treatment-seeking pathological gamblers (N = 122) completed questionnaires measuring gambling habits, disordered gambling symptoms, gambling-related cognitions, and impulsivity traits.
Cluster analyses revealed that three clusters globally aligned with the pathways proposed by Blaszczynski & Nower (2002). Two other clusters emerged: (1) impulsive gamblers without cognitive-related cognitions; and (2) gamblers without impulsivity or gambling-related cognitions. Gamblers with both heightened impulsive traits and gambling-related cognitions had more severe problem gambling symptoms.
We successfully identified, based on an a priori theoretical framework, different subtypes of gamblers that varied in terms of problem gambling symptoms and clinical status. The diversity of the cluster profiles supports the development of personalized prevention strategies and psychological interventions.
Keywords
Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Gambling, Problem Gambling, Gambling Disorder
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
23/09/2019 18:08
Last modification date
29/01/2020 6:19
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