Identification et caractérisation de gènes suppresseurs de tumeurs dans le glioblastome

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_5740F810BC42.P001.pdf (6889.76 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Après imprimatur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_5740F810BC42
Type
Mémoire
Sous-type
(Mémoire de) maîtrise (master)
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Identification et caractérisation de gènes suppresseurs de tumeurs dans le glioblastome
Auteur(s)
Burger R.
Directeur(s)
Hegi M.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
2011
Langue
français
Nombre de pages
33
Résumé
Introduction: Glioblastoma (WHO Grade IV glioma) is the most frequent and most¦malignant primary tumor of the brain. With a mean survival of 15 months despite¦multidisciplinary management combining surgery, chemo- and radiotherapy, the prognosis¦is poor. Different studies measured a down-regulation of Wnt Inhibitory Factor 1 (WIF1)¦expression in a majority of gliobastoma due to genetic and epigenetic regulation. Recently,¦a focus on chromosome 12 identified WIF1 as a potential tumor suppressor gene. In¦previous results, transfected glioblastoma cells with ectopic expression of WIF1 had a¦decreased growth rate and adopted a senescence-like phenotype. In this report, we first¦investigated the effect of WIF1 re-expression in glioblastoma cell lines to see if Wnt¦inhibition by WIF1 can lead to senescence. To look further, we assessed p21 and c-Myc¦expression. p21 has a key role in senescence onset and is directly inhibited by c-Myc,¦itself a target of Wnt-pathway. We thus looked if a variation of expression of these genes is¦triggered by WIF1 activity. Finally, as autophagy is thought to play a role in senescence¦onset, we analyzed the expression of different autophagy genes. We therefore looked for¦an association between autophagy activity and senescent phenotype in WIF1-¦overexpressing cell lines.¦Methods: WIF1-overexpressing clones were selected after transfection of stable¦glioblastoma cell lines. Analysis were made through quantitative Polymerase Chain¦Reaction (qPCR), Fluorescence-activated Cell Sorting (FACS) and histochemistry.¦IGFBP7 and ALDH1A3 have been selected to reflect senescence. ATG5, ATG7 and ULK3¦have been selected to reflect autophagy activity.¦Results: Using FACS analysis, we found a higher percentage of large cells with increased¦granularity amongst WIF1-overexpressing cell lines, which are characteristics of¦senescence. In addition, histochemistry showed a higher percentage of multi-nucleated,¦beta-galactosidase positive cells in the same cell lines. An increased expression of genes¦associated with senescence was found as well. All characteristics were correlated with¦levels of WIF1 expression. We did not find any association between p21 and WIF1¦expression. No correlation between WIF1 and c-Myc expression was noticed either. In one¦of the two cell lines analyzed, the expression of autophagy genes showed some¦correlation with expression of WIF1 and expression of genes associated with senescence.¦Discussion: After investigations and characterizations on multiple levels, we have¦evidence for a senescence phenotype upon WIF1-overexpressing cell lines. This gives a¦role to Wnt pathway in the tumorigenicity of glioblastoma. Further experiments are¦required to investigate how Wnt inhibition leads to senescence. The role of autophagy in¦our senescent cells is here still unclear. Some correlations can be found, letting us think¦that there is indeed some involvement of autophagy. However, it is yet to soon to explain¦this relationship. Further experiments are required again to confirm the preliminary results¦and analyze the variations of autophagy activity within time.
Mots-clé
glioblastoma, WIF1, senescence, autophagy, Wnt pathway
Création de la notice
01/06/2012 15:15
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:11
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