Activity of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement loaded with daptomycin, vancomycin and gentamicin against Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_3C98D030DB8D
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Activity of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement loaded with daptomycin, vancomycin and gentamicin against Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms
Titre de la conférence
71e Congrès Annuel de la Société Suisse d'Orthopédie et de Traumatologie (SSOT)
Auteur(s)
Trampuz A., Penalba Arias P., Borens O., Bétrisey B., Maiolo E.
Adresse
Lausanne, Suisse, 22-24 juin 2011
ISBN
1424-7860
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
141
Série
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
10S-11S
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Background: Local antibiotics may significantly improve the treatmentoutcome in bone infection without systemic toxicity. For impregnationof polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), gentamicin, vancomycin and/orclindamycin are currently used. A new lipopeptid antibiotic,daptomycin, is a promising candidate for local treatment due to itsspectrum against staphylococci and enterococci (including multiresistantstrains), and concentration-dependent rapid bactericidalactivity. We investigated activity of antibiotic-loaded PMMA againstStaphylococcus epidermidis biofilms using an ultra-sensitive bacterialheat detection method (microcalorimetry).Methods: Staphylococcus epidermidis (strain RP62A, susceptibleto daptomycin, vancomycin and gentamicin) at concentration 106bacteria/ml was incubated with 2 g-PMMA block (Palacos, HeraeusMedical, Hanau, Germany) in 25 ml tryptic soy broth (TSB)supplemented with calcium. PMMA blocks were preloaded withdaptomycin, vancomycin and gentamicin each at 2 g/40 mg (= 100 mg/block) PMMA. After 72 h-incubation at 35 °C under static conditions,PMMA blocks were rinsed in phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) 5times and transferred in 4 ml-microcalorimetry ampoule filled with 1 mlTSB. Bacterial heat production, which is proportional to the quantityof biofilm on PMMA surface, was measured by isothermalmicrocalorimetry. The detection time was calculated as the time untilthe heat flow reached 20 microwatt.Results: Biomechanical properties did not differ between antibioticloadedand non-loaded PMMA blocks. The mean detection time (±standard deviation) of bacterial heat was 6.5 ± 0.4 h for PMMA withoutantibiotics (negative control), 13.5 ± 4.6 h for PMMA with daptomycin,14.0 ± 4.1 h for PMMA with vancomycin and 5.0 ± 0.4 h for PMMAwith gentamicin.Conclusion: Our data indicates that antibiotics at 2 g/40 mg PMMAdid not change the biomechanical properties of bone cement. Daptomycinand vancomycin were more active than gentamicin against S.epidermidis biofilms when all tested at 2 g/40 mg PMMA. In the nextstep, higher concentrations of daptomycin and their elution kineticneeds to be determined to optimize its antibiofilm activity before usingin the clinical setting.
Création de la notice
10/02/2012 15:46
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:32
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