Involvement of microglia-neuron interactions in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha release, microglial activation, and neurodegeneration induced by trimethyltin.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_3B5B22D0BBC2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Involvement of microglia-neuron interactions in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha release, microglial activation, and neurodegeneration induced by trimethyltin.
Périodique
Journal of neuroscience research
Auteur(s)
Eskes C., Juillerat-Jeanneret L., Leuba G., Honegger P., Monnet-Tschudi F.
ISSN
0360-4012
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2003
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
71
Numéro
4
Pages
583-90
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Trimethyltin (TMT) is a neurotoxicant known to induce early microglial activation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role played by these microglial cells in the TMT-induced neurotoxicity. The effects of TMT were investigated in monolayer cultures of isolated microglia or in neuron-enriched cultures and in neuron-microglia and astrocyte-microglia cocultures. The end points used were morphological criteria; evaluation of cell death and cell proliferation; and measurements of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and nitric oxide (NO) release in culture supernatant. The results showed that, in cultures of microglia, TMT (10(-6) M) caused, after a 5-day treatment, an increased release of TNF-alpha, without affecting microglial shape or cell viability. When microglia were cocultured with astrocytes, TNF-alpha release was decreased to undetectable levels. In contrast, in neuron-microglia cocultures, TNF-alpha levels were found to increase at lower concentrations of TMT (i.e., 10(-8) M). Moreover, at 10(-6) M of TMT, microglia displayed further morphological activation, as suggested by process retraction and by decrease in cell size. No morphological activation was observed in cultures of isolated microglial cells and in astrocyte-microglia cocultures. With regard to neurons, 10(-6) M of TMT induced about 30% of cell death, when applied to neuron-enriched cultures, whereas close to 100% of neuronal death was observed in neuron-microglia cocultures. In conclusion, whereas astrocytes may rather dampen the microglial activation by decreasing microglial TNF-alpha production, neuronal-microglial interactions lead to enhanced microglial activation. This microglial activation, in turn, exacerbates the neurotoxic effects of TMT. TNF-alpha may play a major role in such cell-cell communications.
Mots-clé
Animals, Cell Communication, Cells, Cultured, Microglia, Nerve Degeneration, Neurons, Rats, Trimethyltin Compounds, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
22/01/2008 15:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:31
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