The Family Alliance Model: A Way to Study and Characterize Early Family Interactions.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: Non spécifiée
ID Serval
serval:BIB_37B24AACF502
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The Family Alliance Model: A Way to Study and Characterize Early Family Interactions.
Périodique
Frontiers in psychology
Auteur(s)
Favez N., Frascarolo F., Tissot H.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Print)
ISSN-L
1664-1078
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Pages
1441
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members). The functions are operationalized through the spatiotemporal characteristics of non-verbal interactions: for example, distance between the partners, orientation of their bodies, congruence within body segments, signals of readiness to interact, joint attention, facial expressions. Several standardized observational situations have been designed to assess FA: The Lausanne Trilogue Play (with its different versions), in which mother, father, and baby interact in all possible configurations of a triad, and the PicNic Game for families with several children. Studies in samples of non-referred and referred families (for infant or parental psychopathology) have highlighted different types of FA: disorganized, conflicted, and cooperative. The type of FA in a given family is stable through the first years and is predictive of developmental outcomes in children, such as psychofunctional symptoms, understanding of complex emotions, and Theory of Mind development.
Mots-clé
Lausanne Trilogue Play, PicNic Game, coparenting, family alliance, infant development, triadic interactions
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
24/09/2017 17:43
Dernière modification de la notice
19/02/2021 6:25
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