The Family Alliance Model: A Way to Study and Characterize Early Family Interactions.

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Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_37B24AACF502
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Family Alliance Model: A Way to Study and Characterize Early Family Interactions.
Journal
Frontiers in psychology
Author(s)
Favez N., Frascarolo F., Tissot H.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Print)
ISSN-L
1664-1078
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Pages
1441
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members). The functions are operationalized through the spatiotemporal characteristics of non-verbal interactions: for example, distance between the partners, orientation of their bodies, congruence within body segments, signals of readiness to interact, joint attention, facial expressions. Several standardized observational situations have been designed to assess FA: The Lausanne Trilogue Play (with its different versions), in which mother, father, and baby interact in all possible configurations of a triad, and the PicNic Game for families with several children. Studies in samples of non-referred and referred families (for infant or parental psychopathology) have highlighted different types of FA: disorganized, conflicted, and cooperative. The type of FA in a given family is stable through the first years and is predictive of developmental outcomes in children, such as psychofunctional symptoms, understanding of complex emotions, and Theory of Mind development.
Keywords
Lausanne Trilogue Play, PicNic Game, coparenting, family alliance, infant development, triadic interactions
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
24/09/2017 18:43
Last modification date
19/02/2021 7:25
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