Interet de la ventilation non-invasive aux soins intensifs. [Value of non-invasive ventilation in intensive care]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2531D113C1AE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Interet de la ventilation non-invasive aux soins intensifs. [Value of non-invasive ventilation in intensive care]
Périodique
Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande
Auteur(s)
Friolet  R., Liaudet  L., Eckert  P.
ISSN
0035-3655 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2004
Volume
124
Numéro
6
Pages
337-40
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: Jun
Résumé
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) refers to the delivery of mechanical ventilation using a nasal or facial mask. Compared to mechanical ventilation with endotracheal intubation, the occurence of complications, mainly infectious, is reduced by NIV. Reduction of respiratory workload and improvement of gas exchange are achieved with the use of NIV. In patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), NIV reduces the need for endotracheal intubation, the length of ICU stay and the mortality. It is equally effective in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema and for ventilatory weaning of patients with COPD. In selected groups of patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, NIV diminishes the rate of endotracheal intubation and improves survival. The purpose of this article is to review the mechanisms, the technical aspects and the indications of NIV for the treatment of acute respiratory failure.
Mots-clé
Humans *Intensive Care Lung Diseases/*therapy *Respiration, Artificial/methods
Pubmed
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 17:01
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:03
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