Accessibility, equity and the sharing of water resources

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_1B13EBD7B326.P001.pdf (3985.41 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_1B13EBD7B326
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Accessibility, equity and the sharing of water resources
Périodique
Journal of Alpine Research = Revue de géographie alpine
Auteur(s)
Schweizer R.
ISSN
0035-1121
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
101
Numéro
3
Pages
NA
Langue
anglais
Résumé
While the supply of water to dry or arid mountain regions has long been a major challenge, the on-going processes of climatic and socio-economic change currently affecting the hydrosystems of the Alps raise the spectre of renewed pressure on water resources and possible local shortages. In such a context, questions relating to fair distribution of water are all the more sensitive given the tendency to neglect the social dimension of sustainability. The present paper makes both a conceptual and empirical contribution to this debate by analysing a system of distribution that has a long experience of water scarcity management: the community governance models traditionally linked to the irrigation channels, or bisses, typical of the Swiss Alpine canton of Valais. More specifically, we evaluate these models in terms of accessibility and equity, characteristics that we use to operationalize the notion of 'fair distribution'. We examine these dimensions in three case studies with a view to highlighting the limitations of the aforementioned models. Indeed, despite their cooperative and endogenous nature, they tend to not only exclude certain members of the population, but also to reproduce rather than reduce social inequalities within the community. In general, these results challenge the rosy picture generally found in the literature relating to these community governance models.
Mots-clé
Valais, water management, community governance models, fair distribution, irrigation channels
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
05/08/2014 10:54
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:51
Données d'usage