An Ecological Model of Memory and Inferences

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ID Serval
serval:BIB_18ECE23B7DF3
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
An Ecological Model of Memory and Inferences
Titre de la conférence
Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Auteur(s)
Link  D., Marewski  J. N., Schooler  L. J.
Editeur
Cognitive Science Society
Adresse
Austin, TX, USA
ISBN
978-0-9911967-3-9
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Editeur scientifique
Papafragou A. , Grodner D., Mirman D., Trueswell J.C.
Pages
1883-1888
Langue
anglais
Résumé
In this paper, we develop a memory model that predicts retrieval characteristics of real-world facts. First, we show how ACT-R’s memory model can be used to predict people’s knowledge about real-world objects. The model assumes the probability of retrieving a chunk of information about an object and the time to retrieve this information depend on the pattern of prior environmental exposure to the object. Second, we use frequencies of information appearing on the Internet as a proxy for what information people would encounter in their natural environment, outside the laboratory. In two Experiments, we use this model to account for subjects’ associative knowledge about real-world objects as well as the associated retrieval latencies. Third, in a computer simulation, we explore how such model predictions can be used to understand the workings and performance of decision strategies that operate on the contents of declarative memory.
Mots-clé
ACT-R, Declarative memory, Decision making, Fast-and-frugal heuristics, Internet, Strategy selection
Création de la notice
17/10/2016 16:06
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:49
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