The paradoxical role of meritocratic selection in the perpetuation of social inequalities at school

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Etat: Public
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ID Serval
serval:BIB_14CDC2D4511F
Type
Partie de livre
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The paradoxical role of meritocratic selection in the perpetuation of social inequalities at school
Titre du livre
The social psychology of inequality
Auteur(s)
Batruch Anatolia, Autin Frédérique, Butera Fabrizio
Editeur
Springer Nature
Lieu d'édition
Cham, Switzerland
ISBN
978-3-030-28855-6
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/11/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
123-137
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The school system is intended to offer all students the same opportunities, but most international surveys reveal an overall lower achievement for students from disadvantaged groups compared with more advantaged students. Recent experimental research in social psychology has demonstrated that schools as institutions contribute with their implicit cultural norms and structure to the production of inequalities. This chapter examines the role that a structural feature of school, namely meritocratic selection, plays in this reproduction of inequalities at school. First, we describe how meritocracy in the educational system can hold paradoxical effects by masking the virtuous/vicious cycles of opportunities created by educational institutions. Second, we present recent research suggesting that selection practices relying on a meritocratic principle—more than other practices—can lead to biased academic decisions hindering disadvantaged students. We propose that inequalities in school might not just result from isolated failures in an otherwise functional meritocratic system, but rather that merit-based selection itself contributes to the perpetuation of inequalities at school.
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
28/12/2019 19:49
Dernière modification de la notice
10/03/2020 7:19
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