The paradoxical role of meritocratic selection in the perpetuation of social inequalities at school

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_14CDC2D4511F
Type
A part of a book
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The paradoxical role of meritocratic selection in the perpetuation of social inequalities at school
Title of the book
The social psychology of inequality
Author(s)
Batruch Anatolia, Autin Frédérique, Butera Fabrizio
Publisher
Springer Nature
Address of publication
Cham, Switzerland
ISBN
978-3-030-28855-6
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/11/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
123-137
Language
english
Abstract
The school system is intended to offer all students the same opportunities, but most international surveys reveal an overall lower achievement for students from disadvantaged groups compared with more advantaged students. Recent experimental research in social psychology has demonstrated that schools as institutions contribute with their implicit cultural norms and structure to the production of inequalities. This chapter examines the role that a structural feature of school, namely meritocratic selection, plays in this reproduction of inequalities at school. First, we describe how meritocracy in the educational system can hold paradoxical effects by masking the virtuous/vicious cycles of opportunities created by educational institutions. Second, we present recent research suggesting that selection practices relying on a meritocratic principle—more than other practices—can lead to biased academic decisions hindering disadvantaged students. We propose that inequalities in school might not just result from isolated failures in an otherwise functional meritocratic system, but rather that merit-based selection itself contributes to the perpetuation of inequalities at school.
Open Access
Yes
Create date
28/12/2019 18:49
Last modification date
10/03/2020 6:19
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