Longitudinal panel data study of self-rated health among migrants in French-speaking Switzerland, 2003–2017

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_098A002D413A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Longitudinal panel data study of self-rated health among migrants in French-speaking Switzerland, 2003–2017
Périodique
BMJ Open
Auteur(s)
Mota Pau, Saez Marc, Selby Kevin, Bodenmann Patrick
ISSN
2044-6055
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2020
Volume
10
Numéro
8
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Introduction Studies have documented poorer health among migrants than natives of several European countries, but little is known for Switzerland. We assessed the association between country of birth, socioeconomic factors and self-reported health (SRH) in a prospective cohort of adults living in Lausanne, Switzerland.Methods We used the data from the Colaus panel data study for three periods: 2003–2006 (n=6733), 2009–2012 (n=5064) and 2014–2017 (n=4555) corresponding to 35% of the source population. The response variable was SRH. Main explanatory variables were socioeconomic status, educational level, professional status, income, gender, age and years in Switzerland. The main covariate was country of birth, dichotomised as born in Switzerland or not. We specified random effects logistic regressions and used Bayesian methods for the inference.Results Being born outside of Switzerland was not associated with worse SRH (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.52 to 2.31). Several other patient variables were, however, predictive of poor health. Educational level was inversely associated with the risk of reporting poor health. Monthly household income showed a gradient where higher income was associated with lower odds of reporting poor SRH, for both for migrants and non-migrants. Migrant women had lower odds of reporting poor SRH than men (OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.98). Migrant people living in couple have less risk of reporting poor SRH than people who live alone and the risk is lower for migrant people living in couple with children (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.80).Discussion Migrant status was not associated with poorer SRH. However, differences in SRH were observed based on gender, age and several social determinants of health.
Pubmed
Création de la notice
18/08/2020 12:16
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2020 5:21
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