Engaging Long-Term Care Workers in Research: Recruitment Approaches and Participant Characteristics From a Randomized Controlled Trial to Improve COVID-19 Vaccine Confidence.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_FF5822AB8F39
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Engaging Long-Term Care Workers in Research: Recruitment Approaches and Participant Characteristics From a Randomized Controlled Trial to Improve COVID-19 Vaccine Confidence.
Journal
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Author(s)
Johnson L.C., Stevens G., Cantrell M., Little N.R., Holahan T.J., Saunders C.H., Thomeer R.P., Sheppard R., Elwyn G., Durand M.A.
ISSN
1538-9375 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1525-8610
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/2024
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
25
Number
6
Pages
104978
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To describe and compare the recruitment methods employed in a randomized controlled trial targeting long-term care workers, and resulting participant baseline characteristics.
We used a multifaceted recruitment process to enroll long-term care workers in our 3-arm randomized controlled trial comparing 2 interventions to enhanced usual practice, for improving COVID-19 vaccine confidence and other outcomes.
Adult long-term care workers living in the United States employed within the last 2 years were invited to join the study. Participants also had to meet specific screening criteria related to their degree of worry about the vaccine and/or their vaccination status.
We used a participatory approach to engage our long-term care stakeholders in codesigning and executing a combination of recruitment methods, including targeted e-recruitment, paid e-recruitment, and in-person recruitment. Participants were screened, consented, and enrolled online. We implemented a participant verification process to ensure the integrity of our study data, and used a tailored participant management platform to manage enrollment.
We enrolled 1930 long-term care workers between May 2022 and January 2023. We met our enrollment target, despite each recruitment method having limitations. Total variable costs of approximately $102,700 were incurred and differed on a per-enrolled participant basis across methods: $25.73 for targeted e-recruitment, $57.12 for paid e-recruitment, and $64.92 for in-person methods. Our sample differed from the national population in age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, and role in long-term care. Differences were also observed between online and in-person recruitment methods.
Our results support the feasibility of enrolling a large number of long-term care workers in a randomized controlled trial to increase COVID-19 vaccine confidence. Findings build upon the evidence base for engaging this important population in research, a critical step to improving long-term care resident health and well-being. Results from our trial are anticipated in 2024.
Keywords
Humans, COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage, Male, Female, Long-Term Care, COVID-19/prevention & control, Patient Selection, Middle Aged, Adult, United States, SARS-CoV-2, Health Personnel/psychology, COVID-19 vaccines, long-term care workers, randomized controlled trials, recruitment costs, recruitment methods
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
12/04/2024 9:23
Last modification date
04/06/2024 7:45
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