Incidence of Infectious Complications in Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving Induction with Basiliximab, Thymoglobulin or Both


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Incidence of Infectious Complications in Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving Induction with Basiliximab, Thymoglobulin or Both
Title of the conference
ATC 2011, American Transplant Congress
Jankovic J., Pascual M., Venetz J.P., Nseir G., Meylan P., Manuel O.
Philadelphia, United-States, April 30-May 4, 2011
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Issued date
American Journal of Transplantation
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: The possible additional risk of infection in patients receiving induction with both basiliximab (Ba) and thymoglobulin (Th) is unclear. We assessed the 1-year incidence of infectious complications in 3 groups of kidney transplant recipients according to the type of induction therapy received.Methods: We compared the incidence of infection at 1 year in 3 groups of patients at our institution: fi rst transplant recipients received Ba 20mg at days 0 and 4 (Group Ba); in case of retransplantation or if PRA was >20% patients received Th 1 mg/kg for 3-5 days (Group Th); in case of delayed graft function (DGF), Ba was discontinued and Th was initiated (Group Ba+Th) or prolonged in Group Th. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate the incidence of infection. A Cox analysis was used to identify risk factors for the development of infection.Results: Over 5 years, 170 consecutive kidney transplant recipients were performed:n=113 in Group Ba, n=39 in Group Th and n=18 in Group Ba+Th. As expected, more patients in Group Th received a second transplant (p<0.001). No differences in CMV serostatus were observed between groups (p=0.9). Incidences of CMV infection, CMV disease, BK viremia, BK nephropathy and urinary tract infection (UTI) is shown in Table 1. Table 1 Group Ba (n=113) Group Th (n=38) Group Ba+Th (n=18) CMV infection 31 (27%) 20 (51%) 8 (44%) CMV disease 7 (6%) 4 (10%) 0 BK viremia 11 (8%) 5 (13%) 4 (22%) BK nephropathy 5 (4%) 1 (2%) 2 (11%) UTI 43 (38%) 23 (59%) 6 (33%) Incidences of infection according to type of induction In a multivariate model taking into account CMV serostatus, age, pretransplant dialysis, type of organ transplanted, number of transplants and type of induction, Group Ba carried a lower risk of CMV infection (OR 0.45, p=0.006), and UTI (OR=0.6, p=0.05), but there were no differences in CMV disease (p=0.38). There was a trend towards higher incidence of BK viremia, but not nephropathy in Group Ba+Th (OR 2.2, p=0.23). There were no signifi cant differences in kidney function or graft loss at 1 year between groups.Conclusion: By multivariate analysis, we observed a lower risk of CMV infection andUTI in patients receiving Ba. The group Ba+Th had a similar risk for infection than the group receiving Th alone. Larger studies are needed to clarify whether combining Ba+Th in the setting of DGF may increase the risk of infectious complications, in particular BK infection.
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13/05/2011 10:18
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20/08/2019 16:18
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