Respiratory dysfunction in stroke

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_ED3E8FD2438C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Respiratory dysfunction in stroke
Journal
Clinics in Chest Medicine
Author(s)
Vingerhoets  F., Bogousslavsky  J.
ISSN
0272-5231 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/1994
Volume
15
Number
4
Pages
729-37
Notes
Journal Article
Review --- Old month value: Dec
Abstract
Respiratory function depends on numerous neurologic structures, the organization of which extends from the cerebral cortex to the medulla. The study of patients who have had strokes has allowed deductions about this organization, and various neurologic pathways have been increasingly recognized. The voluntary pathway travels with the corticospinal motor tract. It is typically damaged in the "locked-in" syndrome and leads to normal automatic breathing that cannot be voluntarily altered. The automatic pathway takes its origin in the lower brainstem and is damaged mainly in lateral medullary strokes. Even a unilateral lesion here may lead to complete failure of respiration and result in death during sleep (Ondine's curse). The preservation of the limbically induced fluctuations of respiration in automatic breathing suggests a third pathway that may share its distal extent with the automatic pathway. Respiratory dysfunctions may also provide useful information regarding the cause and prognosis of stroke.
Keywords
Cerebrovascular Disorders/*complications/physiopathology Humans Prognosis Respiration/*physiology Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology/*physiopathology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 12:48
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:15
Usage data