Exposure to bioaerosols in poultry houses at different stages of fattening: use of real-time PCR for airborne bacterial quantification


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Exposure to bioaerosols in poultry houses at different stages of fattening: use of real-time PCR for airborne bacterial quantification
Title of the conference
Regenerative medicine, CHUV Research Day, January 17, 2008
Oppliger Anne, Charrière Nicole, Droz Pierre-Olivier, Rinsoz Thomas
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et de médecine
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ENA-1, 23
Type de document : Abstracts SAPHIRID:67685
Previous studies have demonstrated that poultry-house workers are exposed to very high levels of organic dust and consequently have an increased prevalence of adverse respiratory symptoms. However, the influence of the age of broilers, on bioaerosol concentrations has not been investigated. To evaluate the evolution of bioaerosol concentration during the fattening period, bioaerosol parameters (inhalable dust, endotoxin and bacteria) were measured in 12 poultry confinement buildings in Switzerland, at 3 different stages of the birds' growth; Samples of air taken from within the breathing zones of individual poultry-house employees as they caught the chickens ready to be transported for slaughter, were also analysed. Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) was used to assess the quantity of total airborne bacteria and total airborne Staphylococcus species. Bioaerosol levels increased significantly during the fattening period of the chickens. During the task of catching mature birds, the mean inhalable dust concentration for a worker was 31 ± 4.7 mg/m3, and endotoxin concentration was 11'080 ± 3436 UE/m3 air, more than ten-fold higher than the Swiss occupational recommended value (1000 UE/m3). The mean exposure level of bird catchers to total bacteria and Staphylococcus species measured by Q-PCR is also very high, respectively reaching values of 72 (± 11) x107 cells/m3 air and 70 (± 16) x106/m3 air. It was concluded that in the absence of wearing protective breathing apparatus, chicken catchers in Switzerland risk exposure beyond recommended limits for all measured bioaerosol parameters. Moreover, the use of Q-PCR to estimate total and specific numbers of airborne bacteria is a promising tool for evaluating any modifications intended to improve the safety of current working practices.
Aerosols , Air Pollutants, Occupational , Endotoxins , Environmental Monitoring , Industry , Occupational Exposure
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18/03/2009 13:16
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20/08/2019 17:10
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