Body composition assessment in children with inflammatory bowel disease: A comparison of different methods.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_DC7305EB0FBC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Body composition assessment in children with inflammatory bowel disease: A comparison of different methods.
Journal
Journal of paediatrics and child health
Author(s)
von Graffenried T., Godin J.P., Schoepfer A., Breton I., Martin F.P., Nydegger A.
ISSN
1440-1754 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1034-4810
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
To assess different techniques to measure body composition in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry as a reference method. We hypothesised that a three-compartment model may demonstrate superiority over other methods as skinfold thickness equations and bioelectrical impedance analysis.
Body composition was assessed using skinfold thickness equations, bioelectrical impedance analysis and the three-compartment model. Data obtained with these methods were compared to the results obtained by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Statistical analysis was performed using Spearman's correlation and Bland-Altman's limits of agreement method.
Twenty-one paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease were included: 11 females and 10 males; mean age for the entire group: 14.3 years, range 12-16 years. In children with inflammatory bowel disease, skinfold thickness equations, bioelectrical impedance analysis and the three-compartment model showed reliable measurements with small differences in the percentage of total body fat and good limits of agreements.
The assessment of body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis provides a valid and accurate method in children with inflammatory bowel disease as compared to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. In the future, superiority of 3-compartment model in research and clinical settings of nutritional intervention and disease status in children with inflammatory bowel disease remains to be demonstrated.
Keywords
bioelectrical impedance analysis, children, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, inflammatory bowel disease, skinfold equation, three-compartment model
Pubmed
Web of science
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / Projects / 32003B_135466
Create date
30/04/2021 17:41
Last modification date
21/07/2021 6:40
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