Respiratory health of artisanal miner of Lwisha in Katanga/DR Congo

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C4EEC7D10C59
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Respiratory health of artisanal miner of Lwisha in Katanga/DR Congo
Journal
Open Access Library Journal
Author(s)
Kabamba Ngombe Léon , Ngatu Nlandu Roger , Nyembo Mukena Christophe , Kabyla Ilunga Benjamin , Wembonyama Okitotsho Stanislas , Kakoma Sakatolo Jean-Baptiste , Danuser Brigitta, Luboya Numbi Oscar
ISSN
2333-9721 (online)
2333-9705 (print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
3
Number
e3233
Pages
[1-10]
Language
english
Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and make an awareness about the harmful effects of ores dust in the Artisanal miner in the city of Lubumbashi, Katanga province, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Method: In total, 104 artisanal miners have been recruited in an exhaustive manner with 122 administrative officers in the town hall of Lubumbashi, responsible for collecting the taxes in the Stations of the bus as the control group. Respiratory symptoms were collected using a standardized questionnaire. To determine the association between the characteristics of the miners and respiratory symptoms reported, a multi-analysis combined with the test of logistic regression has been privileged. Results: The prevalence of the respiratory symptoms was markedly higher in the artisanal diggers, as compared with the group that controls: wheezing (37.5% vs. 7.4%), shortness breathing after effort (26.9% vs. 3.3%), cough (29.8% vs. 12.3%), asthma (24% vs. 1.6%), rhinitis (20.2% vs. 14.8%), conjunctivitis (16.3% vs. 9.8%), and eczema (34.6% vs. 2.5%). After adjusting for age and education level, digger as occupation was strongly associated with a higher risk of developing respiratory and skin problems (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed that artisanal miner’s professions, as practiced
in Lubumbashi, without any protection against dust, have a negative impact on the respiratory health. It proves to be very important to organize a teaching specialized in Occupational Medicine that can train some physicians with an established
expertise having to answer if it is needed to be enormous in qualified staff in this area considered at respiratory risk.
Keywords
Respiration Disorders, Dust, Mining, Occupational Exposure, Occupational Diseases
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/02/2017 10:17
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:40
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