Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands

Details

Ressource 1Download: Abu-Akel et al Sci Rep +SI 2018.pdf (3663.28 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_C2A86AB408EB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Minutes: analyse of a published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands
Journal
Scientific Reports
Author(s)
Abu-Akel Ahmad, Apperly Ian, Spaniol Mayra Muller, Geng Joy J., Mevorach Carmel
ISSN
2045-2322
Publication state
Published
Issued date
31/05/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Number
1
Pages
8478
Language
english
Abstract
Our capacity to attend a target while ignoring irrelevant distraction impacts our ability to successfully interact with our environment. Previous reports have sometimes identified excessive distractor interference in both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and in neurotypical individuals with high subclinical expressions of these conditions. Independent of task, we show that the direction of the effect of autism or psychosis traits on the suppression or rejection of a non-target item is diametrical. In Study 1, in which the presence of a salient non-target item hindered performance, higher autism traits were associated with better performance, while higher psychosis traits were associated with worse performance. In Study 2, in which the presence of a salient non-target item facilitated performance, a complete reversal of effects was observed. Future clinical interventions may be informed by the context-specific advantages we observed for the autism and psychosis spectra, and by the need to consider the diametric effects they yield.
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/06/2018 15:14
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:10
Usage data