Efficacy of brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention for motor conversion disorder and nonepileptic attacks.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_BDFEC3494FFD
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Efficacy of brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention for motor conversion disorder and nonepileptic attacks.
Journal
General Hospital Psychiatry
Author(s)
Hubschmid M., Aybek S., Maccaferri G.E., Chocron O., Gholamrezaee M.M., Rossetti A.O., Vingerhoets F., Berney A.
ISSN
1873-7714 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0163-8343
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
37
Number
5
Pages
448-455
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare a brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention to standard care as treatments for patients recently diagnosed with severe motor conversion disorder or nonepileptic attacks.
METHODS: This randomized controlled trial of 23 consecutive patients compared (a) an interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention group receiving four to six sessions by a consultation liaison psychiatrist, the first and last sessions adding a neurological consultation and a joint psychiatric and neurological consultation, and (b) a standard care group. After intervention, patients were assessed at 2, 6 and 12 months with the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20), Clinical Global Impression scale, Rankin scale, use of medical care, global mental health [Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, mental health component of Short Form (SF)-36] and quality of life (SF-36). We calculated linear mixed models.
RESULTS: Our intervention brought a statistically significant improvement of physical symptoms [as measured by the SDQ-20 (P<.02) and the Clinical Global Impression scale (P=.02)] and psychological symptoms [better scores on the mental health component of the SF-36 (P<.05) and on the Beck Depression Inventory (P<.05)] and a reduction in new hospital stays after intervention (P<.05).
CONCLUSION: A brief psychotherapeutic intervention taking advantage of a close collaboration with neurology consultants in the setting of consultation liaison psychiatry appears effective.
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29/06/2015 15:38
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:32
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