Efficacy of brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention for motor conversion disorder and nonepileptic attacks.

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Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_BDFEC3494FFD
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Efficacy of brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention for motor conversion disorder and nonepileptic attacks.
Périodique
General Hospital Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Hubschmid M., Aybek S., Maccaferri G.E., Chocron O., Gholamrezaee M.M., Rossetti A.O., Vingerhoets F., Berney A.
ISSN
1873-7714 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0163-8343
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
37
Numéro
5
Pages
448-455
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare a brief interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention to standard care as treatments for patients recently diagnosed with severe motor conversion disorder or nonepileptic attacks.
METHODS: This randomized controlled trial of 23 consecutive patients compared (a) an interdisciplinary psychotherapeutic intervention group receiving four to six sessions by a consultation liaison psychiatrist, the first and last sessions adding a neurological consultation and a joint psychiatric and neurological consultation, and (b) a standard care group. After intervention, patients were assessed at 2, 6 and 12 months with the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20), Clinical Global Impression scale, Rankin scale, use of medical care, global mental health [Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, mental health component of Short Form (SF)-36] and quality of life (SF-36). We calculated linear mixed models.
RESULTS: Our intervention brought a statistically significant improvement of physical symptoms [as measured by the SDQ-20 (P<.02) and the Clinical Global Impression scale (P=.02)] and psychological symptoms [better scores on the mental health component of the SF-36 (P<.05) and on the Beck Depression Inventory (P<.05)] and a reduction in new hospital stays after intervention (P<.05).
CONCLUSION: A brief psychotherapeutic intervention taking advantage of a close collaboration with neurology consultants in the setting of consultation liaison psychiatry appears effective.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/06/2015 15:38
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 20:59
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