Early Secure Attachment as a Protective Factor Against Later Cognitive Decline and Dementia.

Details

Ressource 1Download: fnagi-11-00161.pdf (846.53 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_BC9A2B6C7922
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Early Secure Attachment as a Protective Factor Against Later Cognitive Decline and Dementia.
Journal
Frontiers in aging neuroscience
Author(s)
Walsh E., Blake Y., Donati A., Stoop R., von Gunten A.
ISSN
1663-4365 (Print)
ISSN-L
1663-4365
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Pages
161
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The etiology of neurodegenerative disorders such as dementia is complex and incompletely understood. Interest in a developmental perspective to these pathologies is gaining momentum. An early supportive social environment seems to have important implications for social, affective and cognitive abilities across the lifespan. Attachment theory may help to explain the link between these early experiences and later outcomes. This theory considers early interactions between an infant and its caregiver to be crucial to shaping social behavior and emotion regulation strategies throughout adult life. Furthermore, research has demonstrated that such early attachment experiences can, potentially through epigenetic mechanisms, have profound neurobiological and cognitive consequences. Here we discuss how early attachment might influence the development of affective, cognitive, and neurobiological resources that could protect against cognitive decline and dementia. We argue that social relations, both early and late in life, are vital to ensuring cognitive and neurobiological health. The concepts of brain and cognitive reserve are crucial to understanding how environmental factors may impact cognitive decline. We examine the role that attachment might play in fostering brain and cognitive reserve in old age. Finally, we put forward the concept of affective reserve, to more directly frame the socio-affective consequences of early attachment as protectors against cognitive decline. We thereby aim to highlight that, in the study of aging, cognitive decline and dementia, it is crucial to consider the role of affective and social factors such as attachment.
Keywords
aging, attachment, cognitive decline, dementia, protective factor
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
02/08/2019 17:10
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:30
Usage data