Les troubles anxieux sont-ils associes a un tabagisme particulier? Stress-anxiete et tabagisme. [Are anxiety disorders associated to a particular addiction to smoking? Stress, anxiety and nicotine addiction]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_BAB27F765A3A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Les troubles anxieux sont-ils associes a un tabagisme particulier? Stress-anxiete et tabagisme. [Are anxiety disorders associated to a particular addiction to smoking? Stress, anxiety and nicotine addiction]
Journal
Santé Mentale au Quebec
Author(s)
Khazaal  Y., Cornuz  J., Zullino  D.
ISSN
0383-6320 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2004
Volume
29
Number
1
Pages
73-80
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article --- Old month value: Spring
Abstract
This paper describes the relationship between several types of anxiety disorders and tobacco use. Possible explanations of those relationships are presented. Nicotine probably modulates the function of pathways involved in stress response and anxiety in the normal brain, which results in alterations of anxiety levels. Anxiety disorders do not seem to be related to a particular form of tobacco consumption. However, smoking is more frequent in these patients and seems to be implicated in some of their coping strategies. Understanding neurobiological and behavioral mechanisms underlying the association between smoking and anxiety disorders may improve physician's ability to assist smokers in their efforts to quit.
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological/physiology Anxiety Disorders/*epidemiology/physiopathology/psychology Arousal/drug effects/physiology Brain/drug effects/physiopathology Comorbidity Humans Nicotine/pharmacology Risk Factors Smoking/*epidemiology/physiopathology/psychology Stress, Psychological/*complications Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology/physiopathology/psychology
Pubmed
Create date
25/01/2008 13:41
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:28
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