Pericardial fat volume correlates with coronary vasomotion

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B22CD98D3B35
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Title
Pericardial fat volume correlates with coronary vasomotion
Title of the conference
10th International Conference of Non Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging
Author(s)
Dunet V., Dabiri A., Allenbach G., Achigar A. G., Waeber B., Feihl F., Heinzer R., Prior J. O.
Address
Amsterdam, Netherlands, May 15-18, 2011
ISBN
1520-765X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Series
European Heart Journal Supplements
Pages
A1
Language
english
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Purpose: Recent studies showed that pericardial fat was independently correlated with the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). The mechanism remains unclear. We aimed at assessing a possible relationship between pericardial fat volume and endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion, a surrogate of future cardiovascular events.Methods: Fifty healthy volunteers without known CAD or cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) were enrolled. They all underwent a dynamic Rb- 82 cardiac PET/CT to quantify myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest, during MBF response to cold pressure test (CPT-MBF) and adenosine stress. Pericardial fat volume (PFV) was measured using a 3D volumetric CT method and common biological CRF (glucose and insulin levels, HOMA-IR, cholesterol, triglyceride, hs-CRP). Relationships between MBF response to CPT, PFV and other CRF were assessed using non-parametric Spearman correlation and multivariate regression analysis of variables with significant correlation on univariate analysis (Stata 11.0).Results: All of the 50 participants had normal MBF response to adenosine (2.7±0.6 mL/min/g; 95%CI: 2.6−2.9) and myocardial flow reserve (2.8±0.8; 95%CI: 2.6−3.0) excluding underlying CAD. Simple regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between absolute CPTMBF and triglyceride level (rho = −0.32, p = 0.024) fasting blood insulin (rho = −0.43, p = 0.0024), HOMA-IR (rho = −0.39, p = 0.007) and PFV (rho = −0.52, p = 0.0001). MBF response to adenosine was only correlated with PFV (rho = −0.32, p = 0.026). On multivariate regression analysis PFV emerged as the only significant predictor of MBF response to CPT (p = 0.002).Conclusion: PFV is significantly correlated with endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion. High PF burden might negatively influence MBF response to CPT, as well as to adenosine stress, even in persons with normal hyperemic myocardial perfusion imaging, suggesting a link between PF and future cardiovascular events. While outside-to-inside adipokines secretion through the arterial wall has been described, our results might suggest an effect upon NO-dependent and -independent vasodilatation. Further studies are needed to elucidate this mechanism.
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Create date
11/07/2011 10:48
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:20
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