Merlin, a "Magic" Linker between Extracellular Cues and Intracellular Signaling Pathways that Regulate Cell Motility, Proliferation, and Survival.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_A4CA31D9636B
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Merlin, a "Magic" Linker between Extracellular Cues and Intracellular Signaling Pathways that Regulate Cell Motility, Proliferation, and Survival.
Journal
Current Protein and Peptide Science
Author(s)
Stamenkovic I., Yu Q.
ISSN
1875-5550[electronic], 1389-2037[linking]
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Number
6
Pages
471-484
Language
english
Abstract
Genetic alterations of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) gene lead to the development of schwannomas, meningiomas, and ependymomas. Mutations of NF2 gene were also found in thyroid cancer, mesothelioma, and melanoma, suggesting that it functions as a tumor suppressor in a wide spectrum of cells. The product of NF2 gene is merlin (moesin-ezrin-radixin-like protein), a member of the Band 4.1 superfamily proteins. Merlin shares significant sequence homology with the ERM (Ezrin-Radixin-Moesin) family proteins and serves as a linker between transmembrane proteins and the actin-cytoskeleton. Merlin is a multifunctional protein and involved in integrating and regulating the extracellular cues and intracellular signaling pathways that control cell fate, shape, proliferation, survival, and motility. Recent studies showed that merlin regulates the cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions and functions of the cell surface adhesion/extracellular matrix receptors including CD44 and that merlin and CD44 antagonize each other's function and work upstream of the mammalian Hippo signaling pathway. Furthermore, merlin plays important roles in stabilizing the contact inhibition of proliferation and in regulating activities of several receptor tyrosine kinases. Accumulating data also suggested an emerging role of merlin as a negative regulator of growth and progression of several non-NF2 associated cancer types. Together, these recent advances have improved our basic understanding about merlin function, its regulation, and the major signaling pathways regulated by merlin and provided the foundation for future translation of these findings into the clinic for patients bearing the cancers in which merlin function and/or its downstream signaling pathways are impaired or altered.
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Web of science
Create date
16/07/2010 14:40
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:10
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