Relationships between cartilage thickness and subchondral bone mineral density in non-osteoarthritic and severely osteoarthritic knees: In vivo concomitant 3D analysis using CT arthrography.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A2766E2F9EE1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Relationships between cartilage thickness and subchondral bone mineral density in non-osteoarthritic and severely osteoarthritic knees: In vivo concomitant 3D analysis using CT arthrography.
Journal
Osteoarthritis and cartilage
Author(s)
Omoumi P., Babel H., Jolles B.M., Favre J.
ISSN
1522-9653 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1063-4584
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Number
4
Pages
621-629
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To test whether subchondral bone mineral density (sBMD) and cartilage thickness (CTh) of femoral condyles are correlated in knees without and with severe medial femorotibial osteoarthritis (OA), using a subregional analysis with computerized tomography (CT) arthrography.
CT arthrograms of 50 non-OA (18 males, 58.7 (interquartile range (IQR) = 6.6 years)) and 50 severe medial OA (24 males, 60.5 (IQR = 10.7) years) knees, were retrospectively analyzed. Bone and cartilage were segmented using custom-designed software, leading to 3D models on which each point of the subchondral surface is given a CTh and sBMD value. The average sBMD and CTh were then calculated for the entire weight-bearing regions as well as specific subregions of interest. Linear bivariate and multivariable analyses were performed to test for relationships between sBMD and CTh (regional and subregional measures, or medial-to-lateral ratios), with confounders of age, gender, femoral bone size and femorotibial angle.
In non-OA knees, the sBMD and CTh medial-to-lateral ratios were positively correlated for the total region and the external and internal subregions (r ≥ 0.341, P ≤ 0.015). In OA knees, sBMD and CTh medial-to-lateral ratios were negatively correlated for the total region and the external and central subregions (r ≤ -0.538, P < 0.001). Additional positive/negative relationships in the non-OA/OA knees were observed between sBMD and CTh measures in the medial compartment.
The positive correlation between sBMD and CTh in non-OA knees, and the negative one in OA knees, bring support to the theory of a subchondral bone/cartilage functional unit, which could help to better understand the pathophysiology of OA.
Keywords
Bone mineral, CT arthrography, Cartilage thickness, Density, Osteoarthritis, Subchondral bone
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
04/02/2019 11:34
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:08
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