Normalisation informatique et marchés de services : le cas du XML

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8CFA8E5D4EB4
Type
A part of a book
Publication sub-type
Chapter: chapter ou part
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Normalisation informatique et marchés de services : le cas du XML
Title of the book
Services sans frontières : mondialisation, normalisation et régulation de l'économie des services
Author(s)
Vion Antoine, Diaz Pablo, Dudouet François-Xavier, Graz Jean-Christophe
Publisher
Presses de Science Po
Address of publication
Paris
ISBN
9782724612905
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2013
Editor
Graz  J.-C., Niang  N.
Pages
281-316
Language
french
Abstract
Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a generic computing language that provides an outstanding case study of commodification of service standards. The development of this language in the late 1990s marked a shift in computer science as its extensibility let store and share any kind of data. Many office suites software rely on it. The chapter highlights how the largest multinational firms pay special attention to gain a recognised international standard for such a major technological innovation. It argues that standardisation processes affects market structures and can lead to market capture. By examining how a strategic use of standardisation arenas can generate profits, it shows that Microsoft succeeded in making its own technical solution a recognised ISO standard in 2008, while the same arena already adopted two years earlier the open source standard set by IBM and Sun Microsystems. Yet XML standardisation also helped to establish a distinct model of information technology services at the expense of Microsoft monopoly on proprietary software
Keywords
services, international standards, office suites, computing, XML, globalisation, international economy, multinational corporations, rent, competition
Create date
23/04/2013 14:49
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:51
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