Evidence of improved surgical outcome following endoscopy for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma removal.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_883A361B1C44
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Evidence of improved surgical outcome following endoscopy for nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma removal.
Journal
Neurosurgical Focus
Author(s)
Messerer M., De Battista J.C., Raverot G., Kassis S., Dubourg J., Lapras V., Trouillas J., Perrin G., Jouanneau E.
ISSN
1092-0684 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1092-0684
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Volume
30
Number
4
Pages
E11
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECT: Because of their size and lateral extension, total removal of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) remains a challenge and postoperative tumor remnants are frequent. Endoscopy has improved the surgeon's view; however, its superiority in terms of surgical outcome remains undetermined. The authors' aim in this study was to compare the clinical results and morbidity between microscopic and endoscopic techniques in 164 patients with NFPAs.
METHODS: Tumoral (3D MR imaging), endocrinological, and ophthalmological results and morbidity were compared between 2 groups of 82 patients with newly diagnosed NFPAs surgically treated via either a sublabial microscopic approach (Group B) or a fully endonasal endoscopic technique (Group A).
RESULTS: The groups showed no difference in terms of clinical features, tumor size, or cavernous sinus invasion (p > 0.05). One year postoperatively, the quality of resection was significantly improved in Group A (gross-total removal [GTR]: 74% vs 50% in Group B, p = 0.002) with greater control of lateral extension (Knosp Grade 2: GTR 88.2% vs 47.8% in Group B, p = 0.02; Knosp Grade 3: 67.9% vs 16.7% in Group B, p < 0.001) and suprasellar extension (tumor height 20-30 mm: GTR 76% vs 53% in Group B, p = 0.01). Endocrinological outcome in patients with a partial deficiency in anterior pituitary function preoperatively was significantly better in Group A (improvement 56% vs 25% in Group B, stabilization 22% vs 46%, and aggravation 22% vs 29%; p = 0.01). Among the ophthalmologically symptomatic patients, 100% from Group A improved compared with 93% in Group B (p = 0.35). Lastly, no significant difference was found regarding morbidity. These data were supported by the literature in which the GTR rate is consistently higher for endoscopy compared with microscopy.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large series of patients with NFPAs, endoscopy improved the quality of resection and endocrinological outcome. Larger studies focusing on the impact of these promising results on the long-term recurrence of NFPAs are warranted.
Keywords
Adenoma/epidemiology, Adenoma/surgery, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Endoscopy/methods, Female, Humans, Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods, Longitudinal Studies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods, Male, Microscopy/methods, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/etiology, Neurosurgical Procedures/methods, Ophthalmology, Pituitary Hormones/metabolism, Pituitary Neoplasms/epidemiology, Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery, Postoperative Complications/physiopathology, Retrospective Studies, Statistics, Nonparametric, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
03/01/2014 18:55
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:47
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