Has blood pressure increased in children in response to the obesity epidemic?

Details

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_87A99AD44AA1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Has blood pressure increased in children in response to the obesity epidemic?
Journal
Pediatrics
Author(s)
Chiolero A., Bovet P., Paradis G., Paccaud F.
ISSN
1098-4275 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0031-4005
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
119
Number
3
Pages
544-553
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The associations between elevated blood pressure and overweight, on one hand, and the increasing prevalence over time of pediatric overweight, on the other hand, suggest that the prevalence of elevated blood pressure could have increased in children over the last few decades. In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence available on the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and trends over time. On the basis of the few large population-based surveys available, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure is fairly high in several populations, whereas there is little direct evidence that blood pressure has increased during the past few decades despite the concomitant epidemic of pediatric overweight. However, a definite conclusion cannot be drawn yet because of the paucity of epidemiologic studies that have assessed blood pressure trends in the same populations and the lack of standardized methods used for the measurement of blood pressure and the definition of elevated blood pressure in children. Additional studies should examine if favorable secular trends in other determinants of blood pressure (eg, dietary factors, birth weight, etc) may have attenuated the apparently limited impact of the epidemic of overweight on blood pressure in children.
Keywords
Adolescent, Age Distribution, Blood Pressure Determination/methods, Causality, Child, Child, Preschool, Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Hypertension/diagnosis, Hypertension/epidemiology, Infant, Male, Obesity/epidemiology, Population Surveillance/methods, Prevalence, Reference Values, Reproducibility of Results, World Health
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/01/2008 14:57
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:46
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