Has blood pressure increased in children in response to the obesity epidemic?

Détails

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Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_87A99AD44AA1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Has blood pressure increased in children in response to the obesity epidemic?
Périodique
Pediatrics
Auteur(s)
Chiolero A., Bovet P., Paradis G., Paccaud F.
ISSN
1098-4275 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0031-4005
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
119
Numéro
3
Pages
544-553
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The associations between elevated blood pressure and overweight, on one hand, and the increasing prevalence over time of pediatric overweight, on the other hand, suggest that the prevalence of elevated blood pressure could have increased in children over the last few decades. In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence available on the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and trends over time. On the basis of the few large population-based surveys available, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure is fairly high in several populations, whereas there is little direct evidence that blood pressure has increased during the past few decades despite the concomitant epidemic of pediatric overweight. However, a definite conclusion cannot be drawn yet because of the paucity of epidemiologic studies that have assessed blood pressure trends in the same populations and the lack of standardized methods used for the measurement of blood pressure and the definition of elevated blood pressure in children. Additional studies should examine if favorable secular trends in other determinants of blood pressure (eg, dietary factors, birth weight, etc) may have attenuated the apparently limited impact of the epidemic of overweight on blood pressure in children.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Age Distribution, Blood Pressure Determination/methods, Causality, Child, Child, Preschool, Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data, Female, Humans, Hypertension/diagnosis, Hypertension/epidemiology, Infant, Male, Obesity/epidemiology, Population Surveillance/methods, Prevalence, Reference Values, Reproducibility of Results, World Health
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/01/2008 15:57
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:02
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