Cumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_849CEAF1AEAE
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Cumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.
Journal
Preventive medicine
Author(s)
Zufferey Agnes, Michaud Pierre-André, Jeannin André, Berchtold André, Chossis Isabelle, Van Melle Guy, Suris Joan-Carles
ISSN
0091-7435
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
45
Number
2-3
Pages
233-239
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
AIMS: To assess the cumulative impact of environmental and individual factors associated with adolescent alcohol misuse and their correlation with self-reported consequences of drinking. METHOD: Cross-sectional school-based survey of a nationally representative sample of 7548 post-mandatory school students and apprentices aged 16-20 years, Switzerland 2002. Alcohol misuse defined by frequency of alcohol use, episodes of drunkenness and driving while drunk. RESULTS: Fifteen significant risk factors were identified among both boys, and girls. An individual score of cumulated risk factors was created by adding the risk factors. The association between the score and the likelihood of being engaged in alcohol misuse was highly significant and dose-dependent (p<.001). A significant proportion of adolescents report perceived adverse consequences of their alcohol consumption. A linear trend (p<.001) was found between the score of risk factors and the proportion of respondents reporting problems related to drinking such as diminished school performance, physical hazard, relational problems and current risky sexual behavior. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse are cumulative and can be synthesized into an individual score correlated with the likeliness of misuse. A further indication of the validity of this score is its linear relationship with self-reported problems related to drinking.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Alcoholism, Attitude to Health, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
29/02/2008 17:30
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:44
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