Geocoding child sexual abuse: An explorative analysis on journey to crime and to victimization from French police data

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: All rights reserved
Serval ID
serval:BIB_6DE2E64CD8D2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Geocoding child sexual abuse: An explorative analysis on journey to crime and to victimization from French police data
Journal
Child Abuse & Neglect
Author(s)
Chopin Julien, Caneppele Stefano
ISSN
0145-2134
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
91
Pages
116-130
Language
english
Abstract
Background
For several years, the link between mobility, human behavior and crime have highlighted by criminologists. Nevertheless, due to the difficulty of compiling sensitive geographical data, the spatial behavior of extrafamilial child abusers has received little empirical attention.
Objective
The purpose of this study is to explore the spatial mobility of victims and offenders of extrafamilial child abuse under the lens of the crime mobility triangle methodology. The main objective is to analyze the distribution of the spatial mobility patterns and determine which factors are associated with these patterns.
Participants
This study analyses the characteristics of 612 cases of extrafamilial child abuses recorded by the French police between 1979 and 2013.
Methods
By using police data, this research analyses firstly the journey to crime and the victims of child abuse with descriptive analyses. Secondly, geographical data are merged to compute and classify the cases in the geometric and geographic mobility typologies. Thirdly, multivariate analyses are used to identify which factors are associated with each specific mobility pattern.
Results
Results suggest that the journeys to crime and victimization are shorter compared to cases of adult sexual abuse. Over 50\% of aggression occurred within 2.5 km of offenders' houses and 0.5 km of victims' residences. Acquaintanceship is more important when the victims are younger while the expansion of routine activities associated with secondary socialization increases the risk of aggression in public spaces.
Conclusions
Journeys to crime are affected by children routine activities and modus operandi parameters, whereas offenders' characteristics were found to have no impact on the spatial behavior.
Keywords
Crime patterns, Journey to crime, Modus operandi, Rational choice, Sexual crime, Spatial behavior
Create date
13/03/2019 14:00
Last modification date
21/08/2019 7:09
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