Further insight into adolescent personal identity statuses: Differences based on self-esteem, family climate, and family communication.

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Ressource 1Download: Albert Sznitman, et al. (in press, postprint_JoA).pdf (1543.69 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_671FA682DAB9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Further insight into adolescent personal identity statuses: Differences based on self-esteem, family climate, and family communication.
Journal
Journal of adolescence
Author(s)
Albert Sznitman G., Zimmermann G., Van Petegem S.
ISSN
1095-9254 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0140-1971
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
71
Pages
99-109
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
During adolescence, youngsters are faced with the challenging task of forming an identity. This process can be either supported or hindered by adolescents' family context. The present study used a six-process model of personal identity including the five identity processes described by the dual-cycle model of identity (exploration in breadth, commitment making, exploration in depth, identification with commitment, and ruminative exploration) as well as a sixth identity process of reconsideration of commitment, commonly described in the three-factor model of identity. In the current investigation, we sought to evaluate how adolescents in identity statuses derived from this six-process model differed based on psychological adjustment, perceived family climate, and family communication.
A total of 1105 Swiss adolescents (Mage = 15.08; 51% female) completed self-report questionnaires at one time point. Using a person-centered approach, identity statuses were empirically derived and unique profiles for each identity status were identified.
We identified six identity statuses: Achievement, Foreclosure, Ruminative Moratorium, Reconsidering Achievement, Troubled Diffusion, and Carefree Diffusion. Statuses with the highest degree of commitment showed the most optimal profiles of psychological adjustment and perceived family climate, whereas those with the lowest levels of commitment demonstrated the least optimal profiles. Adolescents in the Reconsidering Achievement status, however, reported high levels of both parental support and psychological control.
The use of the six-process model of identity allowed for the derivation of six identity statuses and provided further insight into how adolescents in different identity statuses confront identity-related issues in the context of their family.
Keywords
Adolescent, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emotional Adjustment, Family Relations/psychology, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Self Concept, Self Report, Social Identification, Adolescent disclosure, Family climate, Identity processes, Identity statuses, Parental solicitation, Self-esteem
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / Projects / 100014_156155
Create date
14/01/2019 15:34
Last modification date
05/04/2020 5:20
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