Cell polarization in budding and fission yeasts.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_6703FD0401D4
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Cell polarization in budding and fission yeasts.
Journal
FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Author(s)
Martin S.G., Arkowitz R.A.
ISSN
1574-6976 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0168-6445
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Volume
38
Number
2
Pages
228-253
Language
english
Abstract
Polarization is a fundamental cellular property, which is essential for the function of numerous cell types. Over the past three to four decades, research using the best-established yeast systems in cell biological research, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (or budding yeast) and Schizosaccharomyces pombe (or fission yeast), has brought to light fundamental principles governing the establishment and maintenance of a polarized, asymmetric state. These two organisms, though both ascomycetes, are evolutionarily very distant and exhibit distinct shapes and modes of growth. In this review, we compare and contrast the two systems. We first highlight common cell polarization pathways, detailing the contribution of Rho GTPases, the cytoskeleton, membrane trafficking, lipids, and protein scaffolds. We then contrast the major differences between the two organisms, describing their distinct strategies in growth site selection and growth zone dimensions and compartmentalization, which may be the basis for their distinct shapes.
Keywords
Cell Polarity/physiology, Cell Shape, Saccharomyces cerevisiae/cytology, Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism, Schizosaccharomyces/cytology, Schizosaccharomyces/metabolism
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/04/2014 19:47
Last modification date
25/09/2019 6:09
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