Aortic valve dysfunction and aortic dilation in adults with coarctation of the aorta.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_508BC3569746
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Aortic valve dysfunction and aortic dilation in adults with coarctation of the aorta.
Journal
Congenital Heart Disease
Author(s)
Clair M., Fernandes S.M., Khairy P., Graham D.A., Krieger E.V., Opotowsky A.R., Singh M.N., Colan S.D., Meijboom E.J., Landzberg M.J.
ISSN
1747-0803 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1747-079X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
3
Pages
235-243
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of aortic valve dysfunction, aortic dilation, and aortic valve and ascending aortic intervention in adults with coarctation of the aorta (CoA).
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve dysfunction and aortic dilation are rare among children and adolescents with CoA. With longer follow-up, adults may be more likely to have progressive disease.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all adults with CoA, repaired or unrepaired, seen at our center between 2004 and 2010.
RESULTS: Two hundred sixteen adults (56.0% male) with CoA were identified. Median age at last evaluation was 28.3 (range 18.0 to 75.3) years. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was present in 65.7%. At last follow-up, 3.2% had moderate or severe aortic stenosis, and 3.7% had moderate or severe aortic regurgitation. Dilation of the aortic root or ascending aorta was present in 28.0% and 41.6% of patients, respectively. Moderate or severe aortic root or ascending aortic dilation (z-score > 4) was present in 8.2% and 13.7%, respectively. Patients with BAV were more likely to have moderate or severe ascending aortic dilation compared with those without BAV (19.5% vs. 0%; P < 0.001). Age was associated with ascending aortic dilation (P = 0.04). At most recent follow-up, 5.6% had undergone aortic valve intervention, and 3.2% had aortic root or ascending aortic replacement.
CONCLUSION: In adults with CoA, significant aortic valve dysfunction and interventions during early adulthood were uncommon. However, aortic dilation was prevalent, especially of the ascending aorta, in patients with BAV.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
18/07/2014 18:07
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:06
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