Impact of tamoxifen dose on tamoxifen and its active metabolites exposure in breast cancer patients: preliminary results from a prospective, open-label trial


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Impact of tamoxifen dose on tamoxifen and its active metabolites exposure in breast cancer patients: preliminary results from a prospective, open-label trial
Title of the conference
80. Jahrestagung der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Allgemeine Innere Medizin
Dahmane E., Zaman K., Galmiche Rindisbacher M., Berthod G., Perey L., Bodmer A., Leyvraz S., Eap C., Decosterd L., Buclin T., Csajka C.
Basel, Schweiz, 23-25. Mai 2012
Publication state
Issued date
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Background: CYP2D6 is the key enzyme responsible for tamoxifen bioactivation mainly into endoxifen. This gene is highly polymorphic and breast cancer patients classified as CYP2D6 poor metabolizers (PM) or intermediate metabolizers (IM) appear to show low concentrations of endoxifen and to achieve less benefit from tamoxifen treatment.
Purpose: This prospective, open-label trial aimed to assess how the increase of tamoxifen dose influences the level of endoxifen in the different genotype groups (poor-, intermediate-, and extensive-metabolizers (EM)). We examined the impact of doubling tamoxifen dose to 20mg twice daily on endoxifen plasma concentrations across these genotype groups.
Patients and methods: Patients were assayed for CYP2D6 genotype and phenotype using dextromethorphan test. Tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen plasma levels were determined on 2 occasions at baseline (20mg/day of tamoxifen) and at day 30, 90 and 120 after dose increase (20 mg twice daily) using liquid chromatography-tandem-mass spectrometry. Endoxifen plasma levels were measured 6 to 24 hours after last drug intake to evaluate its accumulation before and after doubling tamoxifen dosage. ANOVA was used to evaluate endoxifen levels increase and difference between genotype groups.
Results: 63 patients are available for analysis to date. Tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen plasma reached steady state at 30 day after tamoxifen dose escalation, with a significant increase compared to baseline by 1.6 to 1.8 fold : geometric mean plasma concentrations (CV %) were 140 ng/mL (45%) at baseline vs 255 (47%) at day 30 for tamoxifen (P < 0.0001); 256 (49%) vs 408 (64%) for N-desmethyltamoxifen (P < 0.0001); 2.4 (46%) vs 3.9 (51%) for 4-OH-tamoxifen (P < 0.0001); and 20 (91%) vs 33 (91%) for endoxifen (P < 0.02). On baseline, endoxifen levels tended to be lower in PM: 7 ng/mL (36%), than IM: 16 ng/mL (70%), P=0.08, and EM: 24 ng/mL (71%), P<0.001. After doubling tamoxifen dosage, endoxifen concentrations rose similarly in PM, IM and EM with respectively, 1.5 (18%), 1.5 (28%) and 1.7 (30%) fold increase from baseline, P=0.18.
Conclusion: Endoxifen exposure varies widely under standard tamoxifen dosage, with CYP2D6 genotype explaining only a minor part of this variability. It increases consistently on doubling tamoxifen dose, similarly across genotypes. This would enable exposure optimization based on concentration monitoring.
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17/02/2014 13:08
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20/08/2019 15:00
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