Have community sanctions and measures widened the net of the European criminal justice systems?

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3D6D8E2B09C8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Have community sanctions and measures widened the net of the European criminal justice systems?
Journal
Punishment & Society
Author(s)
Aebi Marcelo F., Delgrande Natalia, Marguet Yann
ISSN
1462-4745
1741-3095
ISSN-L
1462-4745
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/12/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Number
5
Pages
575-597
Language
english
Abstract
Analysing the evolution of imprisonment and community sanctions in Europe from 1990 to 2010 this article tests whether community sanctions have been used as alternatives to imprisonment or as supplementary sanctions. The results show that both the number of persons serving community sanctions and the number of inmates have continuously increased in almost all European countries during the period studied. A comparison with the evolution of crime rates shows that the latter cannot explain such trends and suggests that, instead of being alternatives to imprisonment, community sanctions have contributed to widening the net of the European criminal justice systems. The analyses also show a wide diversity in the use of community sanctions across Europe where, in 2010, the ratio between inmates and persons serving community sanctions varied from 2:1 to 1:3. In a comparative perspective, Finland, Norway and Switzerland seem to have found a reasonable balance between the use of imprisonment and community sanctions.
Keywords
Social Sciences (miscellaneous), Law
Web of science
Create date
01/02/2017 15:03
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:33
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