Techniques for CT and MR, post-processing, radiation


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Techniques for CT and MR, post-processing, radiation
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ECR 2011, European Annual Congress of Radiology
Meuli R.
Vienna, Austria, March 3-7, 2011
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Brain perfusion can be assessed by CT and MR. For CT, two major techniques are used. First, Xenon CT is an equilibrium technique based on a freely diffusible tracer. First pass of iodinated contrast injected intravenously is a second method, more widely available. Both methods are proven to be robust and quantitative, thanks to the linear relationship between contrast concentration and x-ray attenuation. For the CT methods, concern regarding x-ray doses delivered to the patients need to be addressed. MR is also able to assess brain perfusion using the first pass of gadolinium based contrast agent injected intravenously. This method has to be considered as a semi-quantitative because of the non linear relationship between contrast concentration and MR signal changes. Arterial spin labeling is another MR method assessing brain perfusion without injection of contrast. In such case, the blood flow in the carotids is magnetically labelled by an external radiofrequency pulse and observed during its first pass through the brain. Each of this various CT and MR techniques have advantages and limits that will be illustrated and summarized.Learning Objectives:1. To understand and compare the different techniques for brain perfusion imaging.2. To learn about the methods of acquisition and post-processing of brain perfusion by first pass of contrast agent for CT and MR.3. To learn about non contrast MR methods (arterial spin labelling).
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15/06/2011 8:35
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20/08/2019 13:19
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