Les tableaux animés de la production Pathé

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_3023ACB263A8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Les tableaux animés de la production Pathé
Journal
Cinema & Cie International Film Studies Journal
Author(s)
Robert Valentine
ISSN
2035-5270
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Number
21
Pages
15-24
Language
french
Notes
"Regards croisés sur la société Pathé Frères" (André Gaudreault & Laurent Le Forestier, éd.)
Abstract
In this essay, the author discovers an intriguing anomaly in Pathé's early catalogues - the presence and yet absence of "tableaux vivants." From 1897 until 1907, Pathé Frères produced no fewer than about fifty films consisting in realizations of famous paintings. Although numerous and impressive, these living pictures set on screen and in motion are unmentioned in the promotional documents of the period. In the Pathé catalogues, these "re-animated paintings" do not have their own category; instead, they are scattered throughout other "genres" of film. Pathé's description of them also changes over time - the pictorial references seem to disappear. This growing silence may be a result of the legal climate of the time, shaken by the first copyright complaints in the film and phonograph industries. Or, it may be related to the way realistic and historical paintings of that time were taken for accurate documents and not for an artist's vision. But, it may also be the new "era of reproductive technology" that freed works (intended to be reinterpreted through all media) from any "original" identity. In any event, this "secret" seems to hold the key to Pathé Frères' early success: a cinema production conceived as a cinema of reproduction.
Keywords
tableaux vivants, pathé frères, cinéma des premiers temps, films, peinture, imitation, genre, 1895, 1907
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13/02/2015 1:34
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01/05/2020 6:24
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