Is Employment Polarisation Inevitable ? Occupational Change in Ireland and Switzerland, 1970–2010

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Ressource 1Download: Murphy_Oesch_2017_Work_Employment_Society.pdf (587.70 [Ko])
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Download: Murphy_Oesch_2017_WES_online_appendix.pdf (156.78 [Ko])
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_26FE9059992E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Is Employment Polarisation Inevitable ? Occupational Change in Ireland and Switzerland, 1970–2010
Journal
Work, Employment and Society
Author(s)
Murphy Emily C., Oesch Daniel
ISSN
0950-0170
1469-8722
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Number
32
Pages
1099–1117
Language
english
Abstract
The routinisation thesis expects technology to hollow out the middle of the employment structure, leading to a uniform pattern of polarisation across affluent countries. This article argues that occupational change is also shaped by labour supply – particularly education and immigration – and institutions. Polarisation therefore represents just one scenario of occupational change. Our study of Ireland and Switzerland examines long-term change in the employment structure
(1970–2010), using census data and an encompassing definition of the labour force. Results show no simple trend of occupational upgrading morphing into polarisation. Occupational upgrading occurred in both countries, with the largest employment gains in high-paid occupations and the largest losses in low-paid ones. Patterns of occupational change largely aligned with the evolution of labour supply, upgrading in the 1990s and 2000s being driven in both countries by higher
educated women. Immigration supplied labour for low-end and mid-level jobs in Ireland during the Celtic Tiger era, and for low-paid occupations in Switzerland during the 1980s.
Keywords
Economics and Econometrics, Accounting, Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Sociology and Political Science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/12/2017 11:48
Last modification date
26/04/2021 9:54
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