Number of X-ray examinations performed on paediatric and geriatric patients compared with adult patients.

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It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_1EE8ED58ED70
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Number of X-ray examinations performed on paediatric and geriatric patients compared with adult patients.
Journal
Radiation protection dosimetry
Author(s)
Aroua A., Bochud F.O., Valley J.F., Vader J.P., Verdun F.R.
ISSN
0144-8420
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
123
Number
3
Pages
402-408
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The age of the patient is of prime importance when assessing the radiological risk to patients due to medical X-ray exposures and the total detriment to the population due to radiodiagnostics. In order to take into account the age-specific radiosensitivity, three age groups are considered: children, adults and the elderly. In this work, the relative number of examinations carried out on paediatric and geriatric patients is established, compared with adult patients, for radiodiagnostics as a whole, for dental and medical radiology, for 8 radiological modalities as well as for 40 types of X-ray examinations. The relative numbers of X-ray examinations are determined based on the corresponding age distributions of patients and that of the general population. Two broad groups of X-ray examinations may be defined. Group A comprises conventional radiography, fluoroscopy and computed tomography; for this group a paediatric patient undergoes half the number of examinations as that of an adult, and a geriatric patient undergoes 2.5 times more. Group B comprises angiography and interventional procedures; for this group a paediatric patient undergoes a one-fourth of the number of examinations carried out on an adult, and a geriatric patient undergoes five times more.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Middle Aged, Radiography, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
25/04/2008 17:11
Last modification date
01/10/2019 6:17
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