Bat Flies and Their Microparasites: Current Knowledge and Distribution.

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License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_11856F0E9CA5
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Bat Flies and Their Microparasites: Current Knowledge and Distribution.
Journal
Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Author(s)
Szentiványi T., Christe P., Glaizot O.
ISSN
2297-1769 (Print)
ISSN-L
2297-1769
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Pages
115
Language
english
Abstract
Bats are the second most diverse mammalian group, playing keystone roles in ecosystems but also act as reservoir hosts for numerous pathogens. Due to their colonial habits which implies close contacts between individuals, bats are often parasitized by multiple species of micro- and macroparasites. The particular ecology, behavior, and environment of bat species may shape patterns of intra- and interspecific pathogen transmission, as well as the presence of specific vectorial organisms. This review synthetizes information on a multi-level parasitic system: bats, bat flies and their microparasites. Bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae and Streblidae) are obligate, hematophagous ectoparasites of bats consisting of ~500 described species. Diverse parasitic organisms have been detected in bat flies including bacteria, blood parasites, fungi, and viruses, which suggest their vectorial potential. We discuss the ecological epidemiology of microparasites, their potential physiological effects on both bats and bat flies, and potential research perspectives in the domain of bat pathogens. For simplicity, we use the term microparasite throughout this review, yet it remains unclear whether some bacteria are parasites or symbionts of their bat fly hosts.
Keywords
bat flies, chiroptera, distribution, microparasite, pathogen
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
02/04/2019 11:45
Last modification date
04/06/2019 7:08
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